This website provides information about recent RESEARCH IN STEM CELLS.
Stem Cells are still in research phase.
Recent Applications and Potiential Use of Stem Cells
Stem cells are the foundation cells for every organ, tissue and cell of the
Thus, first stem cells originate within the developing embryo. Stem cells from the
bone marrow can develop into cardiac muscle, as well as liver, brain, nerve, fat
and skin tissue. These cells are progenitor cells that lead to creation of new cells
and are thus called as generative cells. Haematopoietic stem cells are found in
the bone marrow and give rise to all the blood cell types. Stem cells are the ‘basic
cells’ of our bodies, which can develop and differentiate in any type of cell. These
cells migrate to injured areas within the body and get transplanted and transform
themselves into new tissue cells that replace the damaged ones. Stem cells have
the capacity to multiply and renew themselves almost indefinitely. Stem cell can
form nerve cells, muscle cells and blood cells which cannot multiply themselves
and have limited life spans.
Stem cells are class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into
specialized cell types .They have the unique properties of self renewal and differentiation.
Differentiation property of stem cells help them to form another type of cell with
more specialized function such as brain cell, red blood cell or muscle cell and
also the entire organ. During the foetal development, cells divide, migrate, specialize
and form the organ.
Advantages of Stem Cells
Another potential application of stem cells is making cells and tissues. Today,
donated organs and tissues are often used to replace those that are diseased or
destroyed. Unfortunately, the number of people needing a transplant far exceeds
the number of organs available for transplantation. Pluripotent stem cells offer
the possibility of a renewable source of replacement cells and tissues to treat
a myriad of diseases, conditions, and disabilities including Parkinson's disease,
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal cord injury, burns, heart disease, diabetes,
Research in Stem Cells
During the past few decades, breakthroughs in cell and molecular biology have allowed
significant advances in science and medicine. Modern cell-based products are often
genetically engineered, such as immune cells for immunotherapies or stem cells for
Recent research shows that stem cell regeneration has played invaluable contribution
towards regeneration of damaged tissues and improvement of their functions in many
intractable diseases like Cerebral Palsy, Parapleagia, renal failure, liver cirrhosis,
diabetes myopathy and 72 other disorders. Though in clinical trial phases, initial
results are encouraging and showing great promises.
Bone marrow transplant
Bone marrow transplant is a form of stem cell that has been used for many years.
No stem cell other than bone marrow transplant are widely used, however Stem Cells
are still in a phase of clinical trial. Research is underway to develop various
sources for stem cells, and to apply stem cell clinical trial for neurodegenerative
diseases and conditions, diabetes, heart disease, and other conditions. With the
ability of scientists to isolate and culture embryonic stem cells, and with scientists'
growing ability to create stem cells using somatic cell nuclear transfer and techniques
to created induced pluripotent stem cells, controversy has crept in, both related
to abortion politics and to human cloning. Additionally, efforts to market clinical
trial based on transplant of stored blood have proven controversial.